Friday 23 January 2015

Ummah of Prophet Muhammad saw and Disagreement Ikhtilaf

We are an Ummah
The Ummah of Prophet Muhamamd Saw and disagreement(Ikhtilafat)

By Moulana Mukhtar

Bismillahir Rahmanir raheem

كُنتُمْ خَيْرَ أُمَّةٍ أُخْرِجَتْ لِلنَّاسِ تَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَتَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنكَرِ وَتُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللّهِ
“You are the best ummah singled out for mankind: you enjoin what is right (ma’roof), forbid what is wrong (munkar), and believe in Allah.”  Surah Al-Imran Ayah 110
My Dear Brothers and Sisters in Islam. Allah Swt  could have created us at any time in history and as part of any nation. Yet He  out of his infinite mercy created us as part of the best and most honoured nation ever to inhabit the earth. We are also the last and final ummah until the Day of Judgment.  The Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم said, “You are the final of seventy nations, you are the best and most honoured among them to Allah.”  Our ummah has been given blessings that no other ummah before us has been given But Sadly Where is the Ummah of Prophet Muhammad Saw today?  Sadly None is ready to say themselves as an Ummah of Prophet Muhammad Saw  But we made our identification as a salafi, Hanafi, Hambali, Shafai, Maliki, Deobandi, Barelvi, Jamaati and Ahle Sunnat  Wal Jamaat etc.  My Dear brothers and Sisters If we have full faith in the Book of Allah (Quran) Then why we do not accept  its Order and why do we not hug the Quran,s Ayah instead of other things.  Allah swt is our creator and he really knows best his creatures. He never called us with these titles as we are known by them today. Some times he called us Believers(Muminoon). As He Said  in Surah Baqarah Verse 153  O Believers, help yourselves (in your affairs) through patience and prayer; God is with those who have patience. He called us Some time Ummah in Surah Al-Imran Ayah 104 
And let there be [arising] from you a nation inviting to [all that is] good, enjoining what is right and forbidding what is wrong, and those will be the successful. And After This Ayah Allah Swt warned us in next Ayah to be not divided.  In Surah Al-Imran Ayah 105 Allah said, And do not be like the ones who became divided and differed after the clear proofs had come to them. And those will have a great punishment. 
Allah Swt indicated for Muslims brotherhood and solidarity in Surah Hujurat Ayah 10 & 12, 

إِنَّمَا الْمُؤْمِنُونَ إِخْوَةٌ فَأَصْلِحُوا بَيْنَ أَخَوَيْكُمْ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُرْحَمُونَ (الحجرات: 10

The believers are but brothers, so make settlement between your brothers. And fear Allah that you may receive mercy.

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اجْتَنِبُوا كَثِيرًا مِنْ الظَّنِّ إِنَّ بَعْضَ الظَّنِّ إِثْمٌ وَلاَ تَجَسَّسُوا وَلاَ يَغْتَبْ بَعْضُكُمْ بَعْضًا أَيُحِبُّ أَحَدُكُمْ أَنْ يَأْكُلَ لَحْمَ أَخِيهِ مَيْتًا فَكَرِهْتُمُوهُ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ تَوَّابٌ رَحِيمٌ (الحجرات: 12).

O you who have believed, avoid much [negative] assumption. Indeed, some assumption is sin. And do not spy or backbite each other. Would one of you like to eat the flesh of his brother when dead? You would detest it. And fear Allah ; indeed, Allah is Accepting of repentance and Merciful.
 And Allah swt called hid Nabi As a Rehmat-Mercy, We have sent you (O Muhammad ) not but as a mercy for the Alameen (mankind, jinns and all that exists)” [al-Anbiya’ 21:107]
While our beloved Nabi Saw was the Rehmah-Mercy for all mankind  So then How can This Ummah go differ from his Prophet.. 
    Prophet Musa (peace be upon him) once became extremely upset with his brother Harun (peace be upon him), who was also a Prophet. He grabbed him by his hair and pulled his beard. Musa (peace be upon him) held Harun (peace be upon him) responsible for allowing the Bani-Isra’il to follow the ‘Samiri’ and go back to worshipping the idols, during his absence. Harun (peace be upon him) sadly replied: “O son of my mother, do not seize me by my beard or my head. Truly, I feared but you should say that I caused a division among the Bani-Isra’il and did not respect my word.“ (20:94)
    This verse shows that Harun (peace be upon him) was more concerned with the unity of the Bani-Isra’il, than he was with their worshipping the golden calf. He was waiting for his brother to come back and calmly resolve this problem, thereby avoiding dissension.
    Disagreements and differences between people are natural. All of us are different in one way or another. We come from different backgrounds and upbringings, we speak different languages, we belong to different ethnic backgrounds, and have variegated levels of education. We may therefore have different perceptions, opinions, and approaches. Allah, subhanahu wa ta`ala, says: “If Allah had so willed, He would have made you a single community, but (His plan is) to test you in what He has given you; so strive as in a race in all virtues. The return of you all is to Allah; it is He that will show you the truth of the matters in which you dispute.” (5:48)
    From this ayah we see that being different is by Allah’s design. Differences among people cannot be and will not be eliminated. Therefore, we have to make our differences and disagreements work to the advantage of the Ummah? Can we prevent dissension and enmity by learning how to disagree? To differ and disagree is only natural, But the way we differ, is a matter of attitude and discipline.
Quran Also States on Muslim Unity,
1.And hold fast, all together, by the rope which God (stretches out for you), and be not divided among yourselves; and remember with gratitude God’s favor on you; for ye were enemies and He joined your hearts in love, so that by His Grace, ye became brethren;andye were on the brink of the pit of Fire,and He saved you from it. Thus doth God make His Signs clear to you: That ye may be guided(The Glorious Quran 3:103)
2.Obey Allah and His Messenger (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) and do not quarrel among yourselves lest you lose heart and your momentum disappear. And be steadfast. Allah is with the steadfast.(8:46)
3.As for those who divide their religion and break up into sects, thou hast no part in them in the least: their affair is with God: He will in the end tell them the truth of all that they did.(6:159)
Prophet Muhammad saw States on Muslim Unity,
1.Whoever prays like us and faces our Qibla and eats our slaughtered animals is a Muslim and is under Allah’sand His Apostle’s protection. So do not betray Allah by betraying those who are in His protection.Volume 1, Book 8, Number 386: (Sahih Bukhari)Narrated Anas bin Malik:
2. Nu’man b. Bashir reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: The similitude of believers in regard to mutual love, affection, fellow-feeling is that of one body; when any limb of it aches, the whole body aches, because of sleeplessness andfever
3. Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Apostle said, “Beware of suspicion, for suspicion is the worst of false tales. and do not look for the others’ faults, and do not do spying on one another, and do not practice Najsh, and do not be jealous of one another and do not hate one another, and do not desert (stop talking to) one another. And O, Allah’s worshipers! Be brothers!”
The Poison of Groupism-Firqa Parasti
A Real Story....
It was 2010 when I was travelling to Saharanpur by Train. A Non Muslim was near by my seat and after some time he introduced himself as Sagar Sharma. He asked me that Moulvi SB Are you going to Deoband. And suddenly asked me that Moulvi Sb Which Muslim you are? I was very shocked to hear this question That a Non Muslim was asking me this type of question. Then he purified his question and asked me that you are  Deobamdi or Barelvi.  Oh Allah .....   I said him that How did you know about that and How much do you know about Islam. Then he told me that he belongs to a Village in Aligarh,UP.  His Village has equal population of Muslims and Non Muslims and There are four Mosque in his village. He told me that One of Mosque became a battle field  before few days between Deobandi and Barelvees.. Since then I knew that Islam has two branches and asked you Moulvi Sb that Which Group of Islam you belong, Then he told me that He was so inspired by purity of Islam and wanted to come to Islam but could not understand Which Islam is right? It has been 5 years of this incident but I could not delete this incident from my brain.  All Muslims should think even They are  Leader, Scholar and Ulama that how did we represent Islam to others and How did a Muslim-Ummati of Prophet Muhamamd saw become a hurdle between Islam and Non Muslims. My question is for all Muslims Did Allah swt send this Ummah for this groupism and hatred. Never brothers He sent his Nabi and Nabi,s Ummah as Rehmah to whole world. Now I hope that every Muslim will understand about the Poison of Groupism-Firqa Parasti Which is growing up among Muslims like Cancer. 
Shair E Islam Allama Iqbal really lay out the muslim,s conditions in his poetry... 
Manfa’at Aik Hai Is Qaum Ki, Nuqsan Bhi Aik
Ek Hi Sab Ka Nabi (S.A.W), Din Bhi, Iman Bhi Aik

Your nation’s weal, your nation’s woe, In common you all share,
Your Prophet (PBUH) and your creed the same, the same Truth you declare;

Harm-e-Paak Bhi, Allah Bhi, Quran Bhi Aik, 
Kuch Bari Baat Thi Hote Jo Musalmaan Bhi Aik!

And one your Ka
ʹba, One your God, and one your great Quran;
Yet, still, divided each from each, Lives every Mussalman.

Firqa Bandi Hai Kahin, Aur Kahin Zaatain Hain
Kya Zamane Mein Panapne Ki Yehi Baatain Hain?

You split yourselves in countless sects, In classes high and low;
Think you the world its gifts will still on such as you bestow?

Qalb Mein Souz Nahin, Rooh Mein Ehsas Nahin
Kuch Bhi Paigham-e-Muhammad (S.A.W.) Ka Tumhain Paas Nahin

Your hearts are now of longing void, Your souls now know no zeal,
You heed no more that message great which Ahmad (PBUH) did reveal.

Waaiz-e-Qoum Ki Woh Pukhta Khayali Na Rahi
Barq Taba’ee Na Rahi, Shaola Maqali Na Rahi

That judgment ripe is no more theirs who play your preachers’ role,
Nor kindling accents from their lips, reveal the flaming soul.

Yun To Syed Bhi Ho, Mirza Bhi Ho, Afghan Bhi Ho
Tum Sabhi Kuch Ho, Batao To Musalman Bhi Ho!

You are known as Syed, and Mughal, you call yourselves Pathan;
But can you truly claim as well the name of Mussalman? 

Woh Zamane Mein Mu’azzaz The Musalman Ho Kar
Aur Tum Khawar Huwe Taarik-e-Quran Ho Kar

The honoured of their times, they lived, For theirs was true iman,
You live disgraced, as having left the paths of Al

Tum Ho Apas Mein Ghazabnak, Woh Apas Mein Raheem
Tum Khatakaar-o-Khatabeen, Woh Khata Posh-o-Kareem

You roll the eye of mutual wrath, Their eye was ever kind;
You err, for errors look, while they were generously blind.

Chahte Sub Hain Ke Hon Auj-e-Surayya Pe Muqeem,
Pehle Waisa Koi Paida Tau Kare Qalb-e-Salim!

Aspiring for the Pleiades, How simple it all seems!
But let there first be hearts like theirs, To justify such dreams.

Ki Muhammed (S.A.W.) Se Wafa Tu Ne Tau Hum Tere Hain
Yeh Jahan Cheez Hai Kya, Loh-o-Qalam Tere Hain

To my Muhammad be but true, And you have conquered me;
The world is nothing you will command My Pen of Destiny

Allah swt Said: 
وَمَنْ أَحْسَنُ قَوْلاً مِمَّنْ دَعَا إِلَى اللَّهِ وَعَمِلَ صَالِحًا وَقَالَ إِنَّنِي مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ (فصلت: 33). 

And who speaks fairer than he who calls unto God and does righteousness and says, 'Surely I am of them that surrender'?

وَلاَ تَسْتَوِي الْحَسَنَةُ وَلاَ السَّيِّئَةُ ادْفَعْ بِالَّتِي هِيَ أَحْسَنُ فَإِذَا الَّذِي بَيْنَكَ وَبَيْنَهُ عَدَاوَةٌ كَأَنَّهُ وَلِيٌّ حَمِيمٌ (فصلت: 34

Not equal are the good deed and the evil deed. Repel with that which is fairer and behold, he between whom and thee there is enmity shall be as if he were a loyal friend.

This Ummah only got losses by groupism-Firqa Parasti and disagreement which are full of hatred. Now please come to the way of Allah and way of prophet Muhammad saw which is full of love, peace and human values other wise we will be answerable in front of Allah in the day of judgement.. 
Love and unity among muslims above all Firqa Parasti and Disagreements.. 
There is no way to Peace. Peace is the way...
Continue Insha Allah...............   
Next is Firqa Parasti ki Aag,  Wujoohat aur uska hal URDU..

Moulana Mukhtar
New Delhi

Sunday 14 December 2014

Why General Muslims Online are ruthless against other Muslim groups on the name of Islam

Chapter 3
Hard Realities of Current Groupism in Ummat
Islam is a natural religion and the only way of salvation for whole mankind till the day of qiyamat. Islam is very clear and easy to understandable religion. Rather Allah ahs kept it easy so that each and every person could follow it without any difficulty. Allah has given clear command against groupism.

Academic Discussion or Sectarian war?
 Current Discussion and Controversies among general Muslims affiliated to different groups offline on street and Online on Face book/you Tube videos/Islamic Forums on internet on subject of Taqleed (Following a Mazhab) /Details of prayer like Ameen loud or silent, Position of hand etc. has crossed the limit of any academic pursuit and has become a sectarian war (Mostly verbal sometimes Physical).

The Righteous Scholar (Ulma e Haq) Vs Internet Speakers?
Great Ulemas are not on the scene in this group fighting anywhere especially on internet. You will never see head/Amir/president is discussing arguing with head of Rather they have mostly harmonious relation and respect each other. They sit together and praise each other in conferences and in their personal letters.
There is another set of People on Internet/Facebook/ You tube videos
Those who are fighting are actually Non Scholar /general Muslim flag bearers and some of the speaker on You tube/(Internet Sheikhs).We call them internet sheikhs because most of this group polemicist otherwise has no ranking in terms of knowledge of Quran and Hadith even in their group but on internet they are presenting as Great Scholar /Fazilatus Sheikh/Allama /Great Mufti.
There are some people on facebook even their real Identity is unknown and the manner they put Postings and comments, at times what to talk about Muslims even a gentle non muslim will not do in such bad manner and words.
Ulma e Haq (Righteous Scholars) are isolated?
Ulema e Haq (The Virtuous Scholars) of Ummat are very good people and are not involved in any hate campaign against any group. We talked many of them from different schools and they are in much pain, they want to end this trend of groupism but they feel themselves helpless and not able to withstand the firebrand speakers/ writers who are active online and offline. The Ulmae Haq feels isolated and restricts themselves under the wall of Madarsas and Islamic Institution.

All Muslim Groups are suffering?
Although all Muslims are in pain and deep anguish because of this problem but it is also a fact that their pain is not reflecting in any effort to rectify it. Believe me all groups are suffering because of it and a good amount of resources is being engaged in defense. They are victim at one point of time and offender on other point it is only matter of time. All are in pain. E.g. If you search You tube the same speaker will offend other in one video and will become victim of others criticism in next video.

Is there organized effort to tackle the menace?
Do you know any ?
There is hardly any organized effort to end this offline and online group fighting. There is nothing going on ground. Internet is an easy medium to propagate anything. There are many campaign going on internet and that is visible and obviously having an impact. But hardly any online effort is going on to rectify the problem of groupism. If you are in doubt just Google it with different key words. You will be disgusted to know that apart from some discrete blogs and some comments there is nothing on internet to solve this issue of groupism among general public.

Only 2-5% Muslims involved in groupism but group flag bearers are active & Organized to spread the menace. While 95% good Muslims are silent.
On the other hand those who are increasing groupism and hatred are very active on Internet and Social Media and it is their main tool of hate campaign. With nearly 850 million active user on internet is very important tool for any good or bad.
The good Muslims who don’t want group fighting are overwhelming majority (nearly 95%) but they are silent. They are feeling pain from groupism but not expressing it. The golden rule is Don’t Ragg and don’t be a silent listener of it.

Disconnect between Ulama e Haq & General Muslims?
When these controversial issues is brought (e.g Questions like Where to place hand in prayer, Ameen loud or silent etc) the general Public does not consult the Ulama e Haqq.
It is also a fact that general public has no access to them directly. Public is not ready to take pain and visit Ulmae Haqq. And on the other Hand Ulmae Haqq also does not spare much free time to entertain general Public. There are some means to get in touch with Ulema if the public is active seeker, but there is no option for passive seeker. It is the main deficit that has given free hand to nuisance speaker.

What the most people Do in controversy/ group flag bearer bring a contentious issue?
When encountered with, Most of the Muslims do anyone of three actions.
1. They remain silent and just ignore it. (They should instead consult ULMA E HAQ)
2. They accept the biased and concealed version of a fire brand speaker of one group, and become part of problem and fire brand in making.
3. They consult another firebrand of opposite group and take and spread their version.  And this attack and counterattack keeps on going unabated.

Campaign to Revive Islamic Ethics of Disagreement (CRIED) &
Campaign Against Groupism (CAG)

These 2 campaign has been started by some weak slaves of Allah to do something to stop this menace of groupism between general Muslims. Your co-operation is needed for spreading this message. Allah is all doer and he can do anything. We should be optimistic from Allah.

What will you get with this campaign?

Certain things are very clear.
1. A great Reward from Allah is certain innamal Aamalu binniyat. Allah does not judge on the basis of the result rather on the basis of intention and sincere result.
2. So even if one person does not leave the groupism there could be 100% reward for those who will do effort to decrease this menace with correct intention.
3. The talk against Groupism will come into online domain. Once it will come in domain many competent Muslims will start doing effort at different level.
4. The first 2 chapters of the book are Quran Ayats and Ahadith against groupism and detail about Muslim rights and relation with other Muslims. At least those who will read this booklet and understand these will no do groupism.

Is Many of my friend and well wisher are of the view that
1. There is no solution as the cancer of groupism has progressed too much.
Our view: We should hav faith on Allah who can make possible from Impossible.
2. The big leaders of groups are not involved in this campaign so there is no use.
Our view:
1. The big leaders are agreed that menace of groupism should end.
2. We are dealing with groupism in general Muslims. The most of the differences of mainstream muslim groups leaders are of acceptable difference of opinion.
 so big leaders are not directly involved.
3. As being realistic we are also expecting an overnight turnout and groupism will vanish

Chapter No 2
The most common Muslim’s debate Groups
(In Indian Subcontinent)

For understanding the problem lets learn the groups. Based on attribute There are 4 Debate Groups among Muslims. We will describe them one by one.

The 1st Group
1. Scholars and Followers of any one of the four Imams in matter of Jurisprudence. (i.e Hanfi, Shafaee, Maliki, Hanbali).
Followers of Four great Imams /Mazhab (i.e Hanfi, Shafaee, Maliki, Hanbali). They understand the basis of difference between Imams and has a principle of mutual respect. There are differences between Four Schools but their interrelation is harmonious and their discussion is restricted to academic in nature within wall of Madarsa / Islamic institute.
E.g . It is a hard reality that on many issues the difference between Hanafi and Shafaee School is more compared to Ahle Hadith and Shafaee School.
But the interrelation………..
Between Shafaee Muslim and Ahle Hadith Muslim at some places is very bitter (e.g in Indian state of kerala) and interrelation
between Hanafi and Shafaee is very good. In Kerala where Muslims (80-90%) are mainly Shafaee Mazhab. Madarsaas are run by Shafaee. There are student from North India, for them these shafaee brothers arrange Hanafi teachers for jurisprudence class. They don’t impose Shafaee Fiqh on them. In Madarsa Hanafi& Shafaee students reside under same roof. The Shafaee also call Imam Abu Haneefa as Imam Azam.

Among Hanafis of North India there are also two subgroups 1. Barelvis 2. Deobandis. Similarly among Shafaee of Kerala there are two groups 1.EK Sunni 2. AP Sunni. These groups also differ and fight. But any sensible Muslims will understand that their difference is not on issues rather mainly personality based. The communication gap and perceived mistrust and lack of effort to reconcile have increased their gap. So any educated and rational Muslim will understand and not indulge in their differences at first sight itself. Through this article we want to save the sensible Muslims so we are not touching their differences.
There opponent claim: That these Hanafi Shafaee Maliki Hanabali are blind follower of Imam. They have stopped all the research. They are giving unnecessary importance to Imams.

The 2nd Group
Those who don’t follow any one of the four Imams in jurisprudence. Called as Salafi /Ahle Hadith.
Rather they tell to do own research to all muslims. As all of these people are not mujtahid and many are not even having good knowledge of Quran and sunnah so practically they also rely on the research of some other scholar.
They mainly give importance to the research of Imam Ibne Taimmiya Rahimullah and Imam Ibne Qayyim Rahimullah, Nasiruddin Albani Rahimullah & Abdullah Ibn Baaz Rahimulla. They call themselves as Salafi/Ahle Hadith.
Till this point it is OK. Imam Ibne Taimmiya was a great scholars and others also scholars of good repute so Accepting their position in matter of difference of opinion can be justified.

There opponent claim: Salafi /Ahle Hadith consider the opinion of the above scholars as last word for all practical purposes and practically these people are considering these scholas as free from any error. And they are blind follower of these scholars.
Although on many issue these scholars have also differed. An example
Position of hand after Ruku in standing (Qiyam)
Nasiruddin Albani R.A. view is: Hand should be free by the side after Ruku, and no hadith entails to tie hand after Ruku. And he has prohibited tying it.
Abdullah Ibn Baaz R.A. view is : The hand should be tied after Ruku in the same manner as it was before Ruku.

Concluding Remark on these two groups (1st & 2nd )
There could be discussion on pros and cons of these two ideologies but one thing is clear that both have acceptable argument for their position in the matter of difference of opinion.
Their top leadership will not argue and fight with each other. You will not find that an Scholar of Darul Uloom Deobnad (A hanafi Madarsa) is arguing with a Scholar from Jamea Slafia Banaras (A Ahle Hadith madarsa). Rather an Ahle Hadith Madrsa from Bihar in its convocation called a Scholar from Darul Uloom Nadwatul Ulema (A hanafi Madarsa) as chief guest.
So as far as the groupism and unwanted verbal and physical conflict is concerned these two are not involved and they are having cordial relationship in general.

Another two groups 3rd and 4th groups are those who actually claim to be among the above two.

The 3rd Group
This group claim to be from the second Group
(Claiming themselves as Ahle Hadith/Salafi).Most of this group Muslims are non Scholar (Not formally gone to Islamic Madarsa/ Islamic University). It also includes some public speakers of you tube/Islamic channels/TV. Some of them have their own website/Blogs. There are common man at ground bearing flag of their group.
Most of them are a combination of less knowledge and harsh attitude. Their main attribute is to condemn and criticize the scholary opinion of four Imams in matter of jurisprudence.
They are very active on internet and they present the issue of Fiqh difference as Halal Vs Haram and Sometimes Kufr Vs Iman. Reports coming from different cities are certifying that they are creating nuisance in different cities on the name of true Islam.
It is not Rare to hear/read … sentences from these people …….
You are offering Hanafi/Shafaee Salat and I am offering Muhammadi (SAW) Salat ……….. 
Following an Imam is akin to Shirk………..
What was Muhammad (SAW) Either Hanafi/ Shafaee/ Maliki/ Hanbali? (They forget to mention about their group in option).
They claim Imam Abu Haneefah knew only 3 Hadith/ some show generosity and tell 17 Hadith.
They call Taqleed as Blind following.
They claim Fiqh as something parallel or opposite to Quran & Hadith.
They equate the followers of Imam as those who follow their forefathers instead of Quran Hadith

The 4th Group
They claim to be following any one of the four Imam (Hanafi shafae Maliki Hnabali). There is 4th group who has actually come up as a reaction of 3rd group.
These Flag bearers also uses almost same language on you tube /internet /face book accusing the opponent following Tit for Tat rule............
They call Ahle Hadith/ Salafi as Ghair Muqallid (who are not doing Taqleed) or La Mazhab (La means no i.e without Mazhab.) They alleges following for Ahle Hadith/ Salafi.
They are presenting the writings of the scholars of Salafi School out of context and deriving many interpretation and wrong claims.
The Ghair Muqallids are the creation of British Rule in India.
They have been created by Britishers to divide Muslims.
They are doing Taqleed of their Nafs.
The Imam of Ghair Muqallids are

This two groups (3rd & 4th ) complicating it .....and finally reaches for OPEN ABUSE sometimes in words that even a gentle Non Muslim will also not used.

Concluding Remaks on the 3rd and 4th groups
1.These are not only unfortunate cheating and mislead but also one of the greatest fitnah of our  tme.
2. It is also setting a very dangerous trend of attack and counterattack in ummah as in the era of free internet/ you tube/face book/Islamic Forums you cannot conceal the truth/tell a lie for long
3.…Imams have based their views on Ahadith and Ahadith on some of these issues are more than one but Brothers/Groups who are involved in bashing/criticisng others position actually donot put all the Ahadith ,rather they present Hadith supporting their view and conceal Hadith supporting other views and ………………

4.(Knowingly or Unknowingly) it is not only murder of truth but dangerous also as it leads to loss of trust from Salafus Salehin Imams and Scholars ……Some times to support a particular position they reach upto denying of the criticizer do not present a complete picture to general public...
6. If one group will present one firebrand with filthy tongue other group is presenting his firebrand with same tongue following rule of  tit for tat………
7.This is not only wastage of resources of Muslims but also giving a very wrong signal to general Muslim mass at ground and even to Non Muslims as you cannot stop them on seeing your Polemics video/debate on you tube /internet.

Chapter No 3
Why and How this 3rd and 4th Group Emerged?

In this background we tried to know the reasons of emergence of 3rd and 4th Group. This is actually the result of free space created by disconnect between true scholars and general public.It is their misunderstanding and lack of knowledge that’s why they are making jurisprudence difference as issue in this manner and the consequent fighting.
This will also give the answer that why in spite of having difference of opinion the Ulemas of 1st and 2nd Group (True Scholars) are friends. And even the hadith teachers of madarsa never fight on these issues. You have never seen that the muhaddith of daarul uloom deoband (A hanfi madarsa) is debating with muhaddith of jamia salafia banaras (Ahle hadith/salafi madarsa)
This is because they know these facts and because of deep knowledge they cannot be misled.
Isn’t it a surprising situation that actual scholars are not fighting but the general public / video orators are doing heated argumentation and fighting .
(In the next chapter Insha Allah we will do an academic reasoning on the basis of differences among scholars of 1st & 2nd Group, and will search evidence for their argument.That will an academic discussion Insha Allah)

Chapter No 4
Reasons & Misunderstanding leading to creation of 3rd and 4th Group.
After doing research on actual problem and doing direct talk with hundreds of people from all four groups following five reasons have been identified. In this book we will describe these five reasons. Out of five the first is one set of misunderstanding and four reasons based on their design.
If you know this five set of reasons you will never fight on jurisprudence issue. If you intend to do a discussion on this issue first please know these five points before any discussion
This has been described with the intention to save Muslims from this wasteful engagement of group fight and to save their time and resources and to bring them to do something positive for their life after death and for Humanity. They are damaging Islam under the cover of true Islam.

Set of Misunderstandings.
Some Wrong Myths and wrong concept around the Issue among general public and internet debaters are there. That’s why they make it an issue of Islam Vs Kufr Right Vs Wrong. These misunderstanding are very prevalent. We asked the questions related with jurisprudence and Taqleed and found that a good number of Muslims even educated ones have some misunderstandings. Unless these misunderstandings are cleared it is very difficult to convey the true message.
Misunderstanding No I
Many people think that controversy / multiple interpretations is in whole deen and in every aspect of Islam. And Taqleed /following Imam is in every aspect of Islam. (When I asked this question they answered ranging from 30-70% based on understanding and observation)
Truth :
It is wrong. There is no controversy in 90% of deen. As ruling with regard to these matter are clear and whosoever has knowledge of language can understand it. And only one ruling and interpretation is possible. And there is no Taqleed /following of any other interpretation in these issue.
Only a minor fraction (at max 10% of Total Rulings) has a chance of more than one interpretation Taqleed is done only in those aspect where more than one interpretation is possible from Ahadeeth.
Famous Jurist Shaykh Khatib Al-Baghdadi writes:
"As far as the Islamic rules are concerned, there are of two types. The first are those which are known by necessity to be part of the Deen of the Prophet sallalahu alaihi wa sallam like the five prayers, Zakaat, fasting in Ramadhan, Hajj; the prohibition of adultery, wine and so on. Taqleed is not allowed in these issues since they are such that everyone should know and understand. The second type are those rules which need to be understood and extrapolated such as the details of the rituals of worship, transactions and weddings, for example, Taqleed is allowed in these issues
Since Allah says:
"So ask the people of remembrance if you know not." (Surah Al-Nahl: 43)
Al-Faqih wal Mutafaqqihah - page 67, vol.2 printed by Darul Iftaa, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia 1389
The famous Islamic jurist, Shaykh Abdul Ghani Al-Nablusi states:
The issues which are agreed upon - without any doubt and by necessity - do not require any Taqleed of any of the four Imams like the obligation of Salaat. Fasting, Zakaat and Hajj, etc. and like the prohibition of adultery and fornication, drinking wine, murder, stealing and usurping. The issues which are debated are the issues where Taqleed becomes necessary."
Khulasataul Tahqeeq fi Hukm at-Taqleed wa at-Talfeeq - page - 4 printed by Al-Yasheeq, Istanbul

2 live Example
1.Nearly 20 years back in Kerala (India) a Person rejected all the Ahadith and interpreted fro Quran that daily prayers are not five rather three. And some people even started following him (Nauzubillah)
What is stand of Islam about this interpretation?
No interpretation whatsoever will be accepted in this case as these are established principles and ample clear from the words and action of prophet that prayers are five. It does not need any interpretation there is no contradiction and no following or Taqleed of any scholar will be made in these type of cases.
Second example.
If a person claims that after Muhammad Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam there is a prophet / prophet can come. And a person from Punjab India claimed these nearly 100 years back presenting interpretation from Quran. So this interpretation will not be accepted as the finality of prophet at Muhammad sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam is ample clear in words. It does not need any interpretation there is no contradiction and no following or Taqleed of any scholar will be made in these type of cases.

Misunderstanding II
A Myth
Muslims has become divided because of Imams into four groups. And it is creating problems.
The   Truth
Among the Sunni muslims (means all muslims, other than Shias, We don’t know anything about shias) nearly 96% of sunni muslims follow either of the four mazhab/Great Imams, (eg HANAFI’s 47%, SHAFAI 16%, MALIKI 28%, HANBALI 4%.
Salafi/ Ahle Hadith brothers who don’t follow any of the four Imam are nearly 4% of muslim population worldwide.
(This estimation is refrenced to the document THE 500 MOST INFLUENTIAL MUSLIMS 2014 edition by The Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre Page no.16&18 and of Wikipedia and merely estimation. Some of the other sources have estimated Hanafis more than 50% of the sunni muslims.)
A basic principle of all four Mazhab is to respect each other and their scholars are related with each other as teacher and students.
There are scholary discussion and debate but there is no groupism among them.Their scholars and General public have mutual respect.
Imam Shafaee said about Imam Abu Haneefah
"All are children of Imam Abu Haneefa in matter of Jurisprudence"
"When he Imam Shafaee visited his place. He prayed according to Abu Haneefa mazhab."
In Indian State of Kerala where Muslims are Shafaee. Madarsaas are run by Shafaee. There are  student from North India who are Hanafi.For them They arrange Hanafi teacher for Hanafi Fiqh classes .They remain in same Hostel under same roof.

Misunderstanding III
Taqleed is like a rope in your neck and other end is in Imams Hand. And you and other scholars of present and past have to abide whatever the Imam has said.
The Truth
Imam Ibne Qadama Muqdasee in book Lamatul Etaqad (page 83)
…….to connect oneself in peripheral issues with an Imam like four school of Jurisprudence, and to attach with them is not condemnable as differences in peripheral issue is Rahmat, and Mujtahedin are to be prised even in differences and to get reward for Ijtahad.
There difference on any issue among them is indication of (from Allah side) wasee (broad) Rahmat. And their (four Imams) Ittefaq o Ijma (unanimity) on any issue is itself a final and final (Qataee Qataee 2 times) argument.
Imam Ibne Qadama Muqdasee in book Lamatul Etaqad (Last page 83) translated from urdu translation  published from Saudi Ministry department of Dawat Ifta Wal  Irshad department Saudi Arabia  1419 Hijri.

Faisal Award winner Maulana Abul Hasan Ali Nadvi ( Ali Miyan) R.A. in his book Tareekh e dawat o Azeemat   (The saviors of Islamic sprit in English)
 “Islam has expanded  to a vast and fertile areas of Syria, Iraq, Egypt and other African countries,Iran and central Asia. Administration of country, Maashrat, business, has reached to a complex situation. And it was urgent need to extraction and ISTANBAT and interpretation of the fine details of these principles. For this important job a very deep knowledge and understanding of Quran and sunnat and its practical application to the current situation were required.”

“It was bounty from Allah and pinnacle of destiny (IQBAL MANDI) of ummate muslima that muslims got people of special qualities for this important job.
Tareekh e dawat o Azeemat vol 1(page 80-81) {its English translation The saviors of Islamic sprit Vol1}

The Development of Jurisprudence School
Although it is after name of one person like Abu Haneefa /Shafaee /malik /hanbal R.A. But actually there were group of scholars expert in different field like Hadeeth /Quranic Tafseer /Arabic language who actively took part in the process. Again it was relooked and Scrutinized by later scholars without any bias.They also differed from their Imam in the light of evidences and this process is continuous e.g............ Imam Abu Haneefa work was scrutenised by Abu Yusuf and Imam Muhammad and many others.

It is a very scientific and Rational process based on established priciples. Taqled of four Imams Is based on Sound Principles of Islam, Safer Rational and obvious choice. It is Closest To Quran And Sunnah as It Is Based On Deep Research By Scholars Of Undisputed Integrity And Has Been Rigorously Scrutinized By Scholars Throughout Its Development And Evolution that’s why Hadith Scholars like Ibne Hajar Asqalani, Imam Nawwi, Imam Tahawi and Ibne Kathir chose to      do Taqleed one   of four Imams”

And after all no Imam compelled anyone to follow him .Imam Abu Haneefah said about Fiqh/Jurisprudence

"Ours is no more than an opinion (in matter of difference). We do not oblige or coerce anyone into accepting it. Whoever has a better judgment, let him advance it." 
[ Al Intiqaa', 140.]

 “At the same time
…………if any muslim choose not to follow any of the four Imam and decides to derive rules directly from Quran and Hadith by his own research. Although it is difficult decision with many risks but he can prove his decision. So it is his decision and no one should make it an issue except counseling him with sincere advice. And anyway criticizing or bashing anyone is not good thing in the light of Quran and Hadith. And mere criticism does not solve any purpose and results more reaction than any good…………………”

Misunderstanding IV
Some brothers claim that Imam and their associates did not know those Ahadith that is claimed to be against their views. Otherwise they would have opined differently. In other words a claim that they were not Masters of Hadith.
These Imams were people of unquestionable authority and were working as a team with many scholars of different field working with them or under them. (A brief mention of them given in Appendix 2)
The Imams and their associate scholar were known to Ahadith (apparantly looking against their views) rather they have discussed it and have presented their understanding about the Hadith and Quranic and Ahadith evidence for their   position.
Imam Al Awzaa`ee met Aboo Haneefah in Makkah and observed:
"Why do you not raise your hands just before rukoo` and after?"
Aboo Haneefah replied:
"There is no recorded word or action of the Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace, to authenticate this."
"How so," replied al Awzaa`ee,
"when al Zuhree has reported this to me on the authority of Saalim and that of his father who said that the Prophet used to raise his hands at the beginning of the salaah and before and after rukoo`?"
Aboo Haneefah also reported:
"Hammaad related to me through Ibraaheem, through `Alqamah, through al Aswad, and through Ibn Mas`ood that the Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace, only raised his hands at the beginning of the salaah and did not repeat this action again."
Al Awzaa`ee then suggested that his authorities were more reliable than those of Aboo Haneefah,
Abu Haneefah who countered:
"Hammaad was more knowledgeable than al Zuhree, and Ibraaheem was more knowledgeable than Saalim.
`Alqamah was not below Ibn `Umar in rank. And if Ibn `Umar is to be credited as a companion of the Prophet, then al Aswad has many merits. And the merits of `Abd Allaah ibn Mas`ood speak for themselves.
" At this, al Awzaa`ee remained silent.
[ Reference: Al Fikr al Saamee, 1/320.]
This incidence proves that every one was after sunnah and evidence based and having proof for his position.
Aboo Haneefah is reported to have said:
"Ours is no more than an opinion. We do not oblige or coerce anyone into accepting it. Whoever has a better judgment, let him advance it."
[ Al Intiqaa', 140.]
We can thus see that all Scholars were followers and upholders of the Sunnah. When the Sunnah was authenticated, no one deviated from it. If differences occurred it was only because of varying understanding or interpretation. However, when this happened each person accepted the other's point of view so long as the interpretation could be sustained by the text and there was no other authentic evidence to the contrary.
Islam has clear guidelines in this situation
Amir ibn Al-’As رضى الله عنه reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم say,

عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ الْعَاصِ أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ إِذَا حَكَمَ الْحَاكِمُ فَاجْتَهَدَ ثُمَّ أَصَابَ فَلَهُ أَجْرَانِ وَإِذَا حَكَمَ فَاجْتَهَدَ ثُمَّ أَخْطَأَ فَلَهُ أَجْرٌ
“If a judge makes a ruling, striving to apply his reasoning (ijtihad) and he is correct, then he will have two rewards; and if a judge makes a ruling, striving to apply his reasoning and he is mistaken, then he will have one reward.”
[Sahih Muslim, Book 18, Number 4261]
Is not it a surprising situation that actual scholars are not fighting but the general public / video orators are doing heated argumentation and fighting .
Lets understand the reasons behind it for a possible solution.

The 2nd  reason of Groupism among general Muslims
The second reason of rising groupism among general Muslims is the wrong claim by speakers of 3rd/4th group that their way is based on sahih Hadith and others position is on Dhaeef Hadith/Imam view.
There are certain speakers / writer/local flag bearers of 3rd/4th groups inform the general muslims.
·       Our position is based on sahih hadith. OR more authentic hadith  OR
·       We are acting according to sahih hadith were as other group is acting on dhaeef hadith or on the opinion of imam.
Example    no     1. Position of hand in prayer.
One group claims
Based on sahih hadith the correct position of putting hand in prayer is on the chest .To putt hand below the chest or below the navel is best on dhaeef hadith.
Some proactive members of the group may claim that on the chest position is best on hadith and below the chest and below the navel position is opinion of imam shafaee and imam abu hanifa respectively.
While the other group may claim vice versa that below navel is only right position and on the chest is wrong.

Let’s check the correctness of these claim

In this book for checking the correctness of all example we have selected book from salafussaliheen scholars of the past. To avoid any controversy we are not making reference from book of any scholar of any group of last 300 years. We respect all scholars but in matter of difference only refer the earlier scholars.
Although the list of salafussalihin scholars is long but  ahle hadith /salafi brothers give more favor to Imam Ibne taimiya and Ibne qaiyeem R A. The hanafi and  shafaee scholars also consider them to be salafussalaihin and there is no controversy. So we have referenced the authoritative book ZADUL MAAD written by imam ibne qaiyeem R A for our examples. 

For checking the claim on position of hands in Prayer we consult the zaadul maad by Imam Ibne qaiyeem R A which has a very detail account of prophet prayer. (page no 28 line 5-9 para 2)
“ In takbeer-e- tahrima prophet S A use to say only allahu akbar and simultaneously he use to raise both hand making the finger separated facing towards qibla raising up to shoulder or ear lobe .
Then he will tie the right hand over the risk and for arm of left hand .
There are no authentic  hadith about the position of placing the hand but abu dawood has narrated from alee R A that sunnat is to tie hand one over the other and to place below navel “
Now it proves that those who are accepting the claim of 3rd and 4th group, have not done proper research. May Allah help the Muslims.

The 3rd reason of groupism among general Muslims
The 3rd reason of rising groupism among general Muslims is concealment of Hadith knowledge from general public by speakers of 3rd /4th group at time of their claim. These speakers don’t inform the general public about the possibility of more than one correct way (sunnah way) based on more than one hadith for a particular action.
The 3rd /4th Group speaker inform to general Muslims, only one practice of prophet S A and they present one authentic hadith as evidence.
But they do not tell the public / conceal the fact that for this particular action there are other authentic hadith from the prophet and more than one practice b Prophet.
ExampleNo 2 (How to perform Witr? What is Rikats of Witr?)

One  claim
One of my friends was adamant on a particular method of witr prayer. And he presented a hadith for it, and he said that all other methods for offering witr is incorrect.
Let’s examine    the    correctness         of      the    claim
Zaadul maad chapter no 11 page no 51-52.About the witr Salat these Five different methods are mentioned in the book.
Case no     1
After praying 2 rikat Muhammad sallallaahu alaihi wasallam use to sleep, by this way will offer 6 rikaats in 3 times. And each time he will do miswak and ablution. Then he will pray 3 rikaat witr .
Case no     2
Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wasallam  pray 8 rikaats  in a manner that will do salaam at every 2 rikaats .Then will read 5 rikaats witr and will  sit at last only
Case no     3
Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wasallam use to pray 9 rikaats in manner that 8 rikaats continuously , will sit in 8th  rikaats , do hamd and dua will stand without salam . Then in 9th rikaat recite tashhud and will do salam .
After salam will read 2 more rikaats .
Case no     4
7 Rikaats on the above mentioned manner then will read 2 more rikaats in sitting position.
Case no     5
Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wasallam  will pray 2-2 rikaats and 3 rikaats witr at last in which there will be no gap of qaadah and tashhud .

The 4th reason of groupism among general Muslims
The 4th reason of rising groupism among general Muslims is concealment / nondisclosure of one fact from general public by speakers of 3rd /4th group at time of their claim. In some cases hadith is there but it is weak.
The 3rd /4th group claim.
This hadith is week that’s why we are not practicing this action. But they conceal the fact that hadith is week but was the sahaba practice.
Example No 3 (To Recite Qunoot in Witr)
One group says that we don’t recite qunoot in witr because the Hadith about Qunoot in witr is Dhaeef.
Let’s confirm the issue.
(Zaadul Maad page no 53 Line 6-12)
“In witr Qunoot is not proved from prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam .Only it is mentioned in the Hadith of Ibne Maaja. But Hazrat Ummar R.A. used to recite Qunoot whole year. The recitation of Dua e Qunoot in witr is also proved from the practice of Hazrat Umar, Hazrat Ubai bin kaab, Hazrat Abdullah ibne Masood R.A. “
(Zaadul Maad page no 53)

The 5th reason of groupism among general Muslims
One Claim
Some people have misinformed the general public that only the Hadith mentioned in Sahih Bukhari and sahih Muslim are Sahih (authentic). Any Hadith not mentioned in Bukhari and Muslim is not authentic or doubtful.
The truth about Sahih Hadith
1)   All the Hadith in Bukhari Sghareef and Muslim Shareef are authentic. And all Ahle Sunnat scholars are unanimous on its authenticity.
2)   All the Sahih Hadith is not included in Bukhari and Muslim Shareef.
3)   There could be Sahih Hadith in books other than Bukhari and Muslim
(Reference: Imam Bukhari has mentioned in the preface of Sahih Bukhari that the number of sahih Hadith that I got is far more than whatever I have collected in Sahih Bukhari. Similar sentiments have been expressed by Imam Muslim also. None have claimed that all the Sahih Hadith are in Bukhari and Muslim.)
4) For a Hadith to be Sahih the chain of Narrators should be correct.
5.) Imam Bukhari has made  criteria for Narrators. Similarly Imam Muslim has made criteria for Narrators.
6.) There are Ahadith whose Narrators fulfill the criteria of Bukhari or Muslim but they are not in Bukhari or Muslim. Thts why it is sometimes mentioned as ‘Sahaih Alal Shartal Bukhari’ OR ‘Sahih Alal Shartal Muslim’ (Authentic on the criteria of Bukhari OR Muslim)
7.) There are Ahadith which fulfill the combined criteria of Bukhari and Muslim together and it is mentioned that Sahih Alal Shartal Saheehain . Technically these Aahadith are among the most authentic but not mentioned in the Bukhari and Muslim.
The 6th reason of groupism among general Muslims
General Public does not know a very important fact that is chronology of Fiqh compilation and Hadith compilation.
It also happens that a Hadith when reaches to Imams (Imam Abu Hanifa, Malik etc) then its chain is strong. But later on when it was being collected in Hadith book then due to some narrators coming after Imam Period this chain becomes weak.
e.g Imam Abu Haneefa date of birth is 80 Hijri (after 70 years of prophet death), All the sihah sitta was collected around 200 years after prophet. Imam Bukhari was the first Muhaddith among Sihah Sitta to collect the Hadith formally in book form his date of birth is 194 Hijri (184 years after prophet death) Other hadith scholars are still later. So a particular hadith may become weak because of narrator of the later period.
The following Table will make the matter understandable

Birth year of Imams
{(A.H. After Hijrat,) Prophet Wafat is 10 years after Hijrat)}
 Death year of Imams

Difference of  period from Prophet Era to birth of  imam
Abu hanifa
80 AH
150 AH
Imam Malik
95 AH
179 AH
Iamam Shafi’i
150 AH
204 AH
Imam Ahmad bin hanbal
164 AH
241 AH
Imam Bukhari
194 AH
256 AH
Imam Muslim
204 AH
261 AH
Imam Abu dawud
202 AH
275 AH
Imam Tirmidhi
209 AH
279 AH
Imam Nasa’i
214 AH
303 AH
Imam Ibn Maja
209 AH
273 AH
May Allah pleased with all of them. They be given best reward for relaying to us the true message of Islam.
From this table, it is quite evident that since a period of two hundred years separates Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) from Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim, there are bound to be many links between them. Contrast this with the era of Imam Malik and Imam Abu Hanifa (may Allah be pleased with them) not even a period of one hundred years separates them from Allah’s Messenger (PBUH). Among other things, an excessive number of links is one of the causes for differences between narrations. Also, since the compilation of the various hadith books only began in the second century, there were relatively more narrators (at that time). This consequently brought about more differences in the wording of the narrations.

The 7th Reason of Groupism among Muslims
The act of Omissions (Should be done but not done) on the part of good People & Scholars
The First Ommission
Disconnect between Ulama e Haq & General Muslims?
When these controversial issues is brought (e.g Questions like Where to place hand in prayer, Ameen loud or silent etc) the general Public does not consult the Ulama e Haqq.
It is also a fact that general public has no access to them directly. Public is not ready to take pain and visit Ulmae Haqq. And on the other Hand Ulmae Haqq also does not spare much free time to entertain general Public. There are some means to get in touch with Ulema if the public is active seeker, but there is no option for passive seeker. It is the main deficit that has given free hand to nuisance speaker.

The silence of Good Muslims
Only 5-10% of Muslims are in 3rd & 4th Group. Most of the Muslims 90-95% are not interested in group fighting. But this majority is silent spectator. DON’T DO NUISANCE & DON’T BECOME MUTE SPECTATER FOR NUISANCE. This act of omission is giving free space to speakers of 3rd   and 4th Group to do nuisance on the name of Islam.
Our True scholars (Ulmae Haq) have very limited direct contact with general public. The general Muslims gives them full regard but have no access to them. You may argue that there are Islamic magazine from these scholars, but truly speaking its reach is very minimal. It is mainly read by those in scholary circle. Most of these magazines have less than 1000 copies.
Sometimes these scholars do the Dawati and Islahi Tours but it is not enough, India is a country with nearly 20-25 Crore Muslims and there should be continuous programme for more and more contacts between Ulma e Haq and General Public.

The Conclusion
Both the scholars and general should consider it as a work of prime importance and raise voice against Groupism online and Offline. They should try to contact these members of 3rd/4th group and should give them lesson on Islam and Jurisprudence.
Allah knows the best.